Autonomous Car (Cars Without Drivers)
(Apparently, the car that became the main character in the television series Knight Rider movie in the mid-1980s, which was named “Kitt” or Knight Industries Two Thousand. The latest version of Knight Rider made in 2008 continue to be the Knight Industries Three Thousand).
Release issued by the Freie Universität Berlin, which makes this scientific project, which is used VW Passat drove 80 km without driver around the city center of Berlin. Hence, this project is called “Car Automomous Navigates the Street of Berlin”. The goal, to raise the prestige “MadeInGermany”.
Explained, a self-driving car (autonomous car) is, piloted by computer. The car used was a modified VW Passat standards to “drive by wire”. If there are people behind the wheel, just as a safety. His job, to monitor the movements of a car or take over driving duties when the system is problematic.
Computer directly govern or regulate the movement of the accelerator, brake and steering wheel. Various sensors incorporated in a car chassis that gives the information of all cars and people who are on the road. In this way allows the car to avoid obstacles or adjusting the speed or lanes if necessary. Trial conducted in the area of 20 km in front of and behind the building the International Congress Centre and the Brandenburg Gate, the four rounds without a crash.
“This car can know its position, conditions on surrounding areas, including pedestrians, buildings and trees within a radius of 70 meters. It could even detect the traffic lights and responding well. Speed of reaction of this technology exceeds the average response of humans,” explains prof. Researchers Group Leader Raul Rojas special project called Autonomos Labs. Research that has been running 4 years and spent about 400,000 Euros, or about 5 billion more.
“This is a new research trend, computer control or drive a car. The same study also was conducted in several countries. While the same concept but has been applied by the manufacturer but with a smaller-scale parking assist or emergency brake (emergency brake),” commented Ferdinand Dudenhoeffer, Professor of Automotive Economics University of Duisburg-Essen, quoted by the Associated Press about this project.
In Berlin, scientists get permission from local governments to use public roads to perform self-test. Other road users even helped.
Had also raised concerns as proposed Dudenhoeffer, “Who is responsible if an accident? Is the owner of the car, the passenger who was controlling the control computer or the company producing the technology?”
But someday, he added, the ability to drive a car computer can be more secure than with humans. Because the program is made in accordance with the rules and vehicle capabilities. Today, the accident occurred due to negligence generally makes a man.
Meanwhile, Prof. Raul Rojas added, self-driving vehicles now can be used on private roads and the technology is considered mature enough. But for the public streets still need 10 to 15 years.
He added, this auto car navigation for public roads still require additional technology development. The goal is that the car is completely safe. In addition it should be made standard, self-driving cars should be more stringent than men.
“Once finished, this car will be safer than the cars driven by humans. It is just matter of time, “he said! Hence, AutoNOMOS labs soon hold the same trial but lasted a full auto and be realized between cities in Europe.